Snowco’s Final Justice ( Miya)
There are many things to consider when searching for a reputable breeder to purchase a puppy.
Depending on the breed of pup you are looking for you need to do your research on health problems that particular breed is prone to and be well aware of the proper testing that is to be done, the certifications needed for proper breeding and at what age those certifications are done to produce the healthiest pups possible. This link should be helpful: http://www.qualitydogs.com/dog_breeds.html
A reputable breeders main reason for breeding is to improve their lines in their particular breeding program. As well as to produce soundness, temperament and good health. They should only produce one or two litters a year or every other year. Having 2+ litters on the ground at one time can be a red flag. A female should only be bred on “every other” heat and only up to the age of 6 or 7 years of age.
The Labrador Retriever:
In the Labrador Retriever hips, elbows, eyes and heart are important health screening tests. And in some cases thyroid as well.
Hips and elbows are checked for dysplasia and certified thru the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (www.offa.org) via x-ray and this is a one time test and can not be done and certified until the dog is 2 years of age.
Eyes should be Cerfed by a board certified ophthalmologist annually to check for folds, cataracts and the like.
Optigen is another eye test done thru a blood draw to prevent PRA (Progressive Retinal Atrophy) which will cause a dog to go blind. Test results will come back A-normal, B-carrier or C-effected. This is a one time test and can be done at any age.
In any breeding a B or a C Optigened dog must always be bred to an A to prevent PRA. If both parents of a litter are Optigen A than the pups will be A by parentage.
Heart testing is done by a board certified cardiologist where Echo and Heart Color Doppler are performed. This is a one time test and dog can not be certified until 1 year of age.
When speaking with a breeder never hesitate to ask what health clearances their dogs have. Ask for copies of all certificates and pedigrees on their dogs for the particular litter you are interested in. Never accept the response that the copies will be mailed to you after you take pup home. That is a red flag and you should walk away.
Always visit the breeders home prior to purchase – to meet the parent(s) of the pups and to see the environment pups are being raised in. Don’t be turned off by a breeder that will not let you visit until pups are a certain age. It is for the health and safety of the pups. If neither parent of the litter is on premises this is also a red flag and a good indication of a puppy broker and you should walk away.
Don’t hesitate to ask for references from past buyers.
Your breeder should recommend you take your new pup to your own vet for a health check and should give a health guarantee of 72 hours or the like from the date of purchase. Meaning that if there is anything wrong with the pup health wise you can return it immediately for a full refund.
A reputable breeder will have you sign a contract mentioning a number of things, including that you are never allowed to re-home this pup to anyone at any time in the dogs life but must contact the breeder first as they will always take their dogs back. All pet pups should be sold on a limited registration and on a spay/neuter clause in the contract.
A reputable breeder who truly cares about where their pups go will interview you at length and ask for references, including a vet reference if you are not a first time pet owner. They will be there for you and your pup for the rest of that pups life for any questions or issues you may have.
Remember this is a two way interview and the breeder should appreciate the homework you have done and all the questions you ask. If they are put off by your questions then thank them for their time and move on.
I have just covered the basics here. If anyone has any further questions or comments please let me know.
PS: Any breeder or their web site accepting Paypal or credit cards is also a red flag.